Prejudice and perception: the role of automatic and controlled processes in misperceiving a weapon.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 480 Citations

Abstract

Two experiments used a priming paradigm to investigate the influence of racial cues on the perceptual identification of weapons. In Experiment 1, participants identified guns faster when primed with Black faces compared with White faces. In Experiment 2, participants were required to respond quickly, causing the racial bias to shift from reaction time to accuracy. Participants misidentified tools as guns more often when primed with a Black face than with a White face. L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure was applied to demonstrate that racial primes influenced automatic (A) processing, but not controlled (C) processing. The response deadline reduced the C estimate but not the A estimate. The motivation to control prejudice moderated the relationship between explicit prejudice and automatic bias. Implications are discussed on applied and theoretical levels.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages181-192
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume81
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2001

Fingerprint

Weapons
weapon
prejudice
experiment
Firearms
trend
Racism
paradigm
Reaction Time
Cues
Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{1e7e61d3460d40bb893c75928578ebff,
title = "Prejudice and perception: the role of automatic and controlled processes in misperceiving a weapon.",
abstract = "Two experiments used a priming paradigm to investigate the influence of racial cues on the perceptual identification of weapons. In Experiment 1, participants identified guns faster when primed with Black faces compared with White faces. In Experiment 2, participants were required to respond quickly, causing the racial bias to shift from reaction time to accuracy. Participants misidentified tools as guns more often when primed with a Black face than with a White face. L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure was applied to demonstrate that racial primes influenced automatic (A) processing, but not controlled (C) processing. The response deadline reduced the C estimate but not the A estimate. The motivation to control prejudice moderated the relationship between explicit prejudice and automatic bias. Implications are discussed on applied and theoretical levels.",
author = "Payne, {B. K.}",
year = "2001",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "181--192",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prejudice and perception

T2 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

AU - Payne,B. K.

PY - 2001/8/1

Y1 - 2001/8/1

N2 - Two experiments used a priming paradigm to investigate the influence of racial cues on the perceptual identification of weapons. In Experiment 1, participants identified guns faster when primed with Black faces compared with White faces. In Experiment 2, participants were required to respond quickly, causing the racial bias to shift from reaction time to accuracy. Participants misidentified tools as guns more often when primed with a Black face than with a White face. L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure was applied to demonstrate that racial primes influenced automatic (A) processing, but not controlled (C) processing. The response deadline reduced the C estimate but not the A estimate. The motivation to control prejudice moderated the relationship between explicit prejudice and automatic bias. Implications are discussed on applied and theoretical levels.

AB - Two experiments used a priming paradigm to investigate the influence of racial cues on the perceptual identification of weapons. In Experiment 1, participants identified guns faster when primed with Black faces compared with White faces. In Experiment 2, participants were required to respond quickly, causing the racial bias to shift from reaction time to accuracy. Participants misidentified tools as guns more often when primed with a Black face than with a White face. L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure was applied to demonstrate that racial primes influenced automatic (A) processing, but not controlled (C) processing. The response deadline reduced the C estimate but not the A estimate. The motivation to control prejudice moderated the relationship between explicit prejudice and automatic bias. Implications are discussed on applied and theoretical levels.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035430337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035430337&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 81

SP - 181

EP - 192

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 2

ER -