Maternal Intimate Partner Violence Victimization Before and During Pregnancy and Postbirth Child Welfare Contact: A Population-Based Assessment

Jared W. Parrish, Paul Lanier, Abigail Newby-Kew, Joshua Arvidson, Meghan Shanahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We conducted a population-based prospective cohort study to help elucidate the predictive relationship between a maternal prebirth selfreported history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and any postbirth reported allegation to Child Protective Services (CPS) by age 2. We linked data from the 2009–2010 Alaska Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System with CPS data through 2012. Among this cohort, we found that 8.0%w self-reported experiencing IPV 12 months prior or during pregnancy, and 8.0%w of the offspring experienced at least one CPS report of alleged maltreatment during the study period. The predictive relationship varied by maternal educational attainment. Among mothers with 12+ years education completed, the odds of a CPS report were 3.9 times compared to those with no IPV, while among mothers with <12 years education completed, no association was noted. These results suggest that for a subset of Alaskan families, maternal history of IPV is a strong independent predictor of future CPS contact.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages26-36
Number of pages11
JournalChild Maltreatment
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
Child Welfare
Mothers
Pregnancy
Population
Education
Cohort Studies
Child Protective Services
Intimate Partner Violence
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • attachment
  • child maltreatment
  • interpersonal relationships
  • longitudinal research
  • missing data
  • partner violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Maternal Intimate Partner Violence Victimization Before and During Pregnancy and Postbirth Child Welfare Contact : A Population-Based Assessment. / Parrish, Jared W.; Lanier, Paul; Newby-Kew, Abigail; Arvidson, Joshua; Shanahan, Meghan.

In: Child Maltreatment, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 26-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parrish, Jared W. ; Lanier, Paul ; Newby-Kew, Abigail ; Arvidson, Joshua ; Shanahan, Meghan. / Maternal Intimate Partner Violence Victimization Before and During Pregnancy and Postbirth Child Welfare Contact : A Population-Based Assessment. In: Child Maltreatment. 2016 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 26-36.
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