Health Behavior Change: Moving from Observation to Intervention

Paschal Sheeran, William M.P. Klein, Alexander J. Rothman

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

How can progress in research on health behavior change be accelerated? Experimental medicine (EM) offers an approach that can help investigators specify the research questions that need to be addressed and the evidence needed to test those questions. Whereas current research draws predominantly on multiple overlapping theories resting largely on correlational evidence, the EM approach emphasizes experimental tests of targets or mechanisms of change and programmatic research on which targets change health behaviors and which techniques change those targets. There is evidence that engaging particular targets promotes behavior change; however, systematic studies are needed to identify and validate targets and to discover when and how targets are best engaged. The EM approach promises progress in answering the key question that will enable the science of health behavior change to improve public health: What strategies are effective in promoting behavior change, for whom, and under what circumstances?

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages573-600
Number of pages28
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2017

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Health Behavior
Observation
Research
Biomedical Research
Experimental Medicine
Public Health
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Construct
  • Correlational data
  • Experimental medicine
  • Interventions
  • Theory
  • Trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Health Behavior Change : Moving from Observation to Intervention. / Sheeran, Paschal; Klein, William M.P.; Rothman, Alexander J.

In: Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 68, 03.01.2017, p. 573-600.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Sheeran, Paschal ; Klein, William M.P. ; Rothman, Alexander J./ Health Behavior Change : Moving from Observation to Intervention. In: Annual Review of Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 68. pp. 573-600
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