Development of a Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices: The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet Family Food Practices Survey

Amber E. Vaughn, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Rachel G. Tabak, Maria Bryant, Dianne S. Ward

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 4 Citations

Abstract

Background Parents’ food parenting practices influence children's dietary intake and risk for obesity and chronic disease. Understanding the influence and interactions between parents’ practices and children's behavior is limited by a lack of development and psychometric testing and/or limited scope of current measures. The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) was created to address this gap. Objective This article describes development and psychometric testing of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey. Participants/design Between August 2010 and May 2011, a convenience sample of 129 parents of children aged 3 to 12 years were recruited from central North Carolina and completed the self-administered HomeSTEAD survey on three occasions during a 12- to 18-day window. Demographic characteristics and child diet were assessed at Time 1. Child height and weight were measured during the in-home observations (following Time 1 survey). Statistical analysis Exploratory factor analysis with Time 1 data was used to identify potential scales. Scales with more than three items were examined for scale reduction. Following this, mean scores were calculated at each time point. Construct validity was assessed by examining Spearman rank correlations between mean scores (Time 1) and children's diet (fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, sweets) and body mass index (BMI) z scores. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine differences in mean scores between time points, and single-measure intraclass correlations were calculated to examine test–retest reliability between time points. Results Exploratory factor analysis identified 24 factors and retained 124 items; however, scale reduction narrowed items to 86. The final instrument captures five coercive control practices (16 items), seven autonomy support practices (24 items), and 12 structure practices (46 items). All scales demonstrated good internal reliability (α>.62), 18 factors demonstrated construct validity (significant association with child diet, P<0.05), and 22 demonstrated good reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient>0.61). Conclusions The HomeSTEAD family food practices survey provides a brief, yet comprehensive and psychometrically sound assessment of food parenting practices.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages214-227
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

Family Practice
Parenting
Diet
Food
Surveys and Questionnaires
parenting
environmental assessment
diet
Parents
testing
Psychometrics
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
Diet Surveys
Snacks
Beverages
Child Behavior
Reproducibility of Results
Vegetables
Fruit

Keywords

  • Children
  • Feeding practices
  • Measurement
  • Parents
  • Psychometric properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Development of a Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices : The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet Family Food Practices Survey. / Vaughn, Amber E.; Dearth-Wesley, Tracy; Tabak, Rachel G.; Bryant, Maria; Ward, Dianne S.

In: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 117, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 214-227.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

@article{d829275624bf46709a0ac11fb362111c,
title = "Development of a Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices: The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet Family Food Practices Survey",
abstract = "Background Parents’ food parenting practices influence children's dietary intake and risk for obesity and chronic disease. Understanding the influence and interactions between parents’ practices and children's behavior is limited by a lack of development and psychometric testing and/or limited scope of current measures. The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) was created to address this gap. Objective This article describes development and psychometric testing of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey. Participants/design Between August 2010 and May 2011, a convenience sample of 129 parents of children aged 3 to 12 years were recruited from central North Carolina and completed the self-administered HomeSTEAD survey on three occasions during a 12- to 18-day window. Demographic characteristics and child diet were assessed at Time 1. Child height and weight were measured during the in-home observations (following Time 1 survey). Statistical analysis Exploratory factor analysis with Time 1 data was used to identify potential scales. Scales with more than three items were examined for scale reduction. Following this, mean scores were calculated at each time point. Construct validity was assessed by examining Spearman rank correlations between mean scores (Time 1) and children's diet (fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, sweets) and body mass index (BMI) z scores. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine differences in mean scores between time points, and single-measure intraclass correlations were calculated to examine test–retest reliability between time points. Results Exploratory factor analysis identified 24 factors and retained 124 items; however, scale reduction narrowed items to 86. The final instrument captures five coercive control practices (16 items), seven autonomy support practices (24 items), and 12 structure practices (46 items). All scales demonstrated good internal reliability (α>.62), 18 factors demonstrated construct validity (significant association with child diet, P<0.05), and 22 demonstrated good reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient>0.61). Conclusions The HomeSTEAD family food practices survey provides a brief, yet comprehensive and psychometrically sound assessment of food parenting practices.",
keywords = "Children, Feeding practices, Measurement, Parents, Psychometric properties",
author = "Vaughn, {Amber E.} and Tracy Dearth-Wesley and Tabak, {Rachel G.} and Maria Bryant and Ward, {Dianne S.}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.jand.2016.07.021",
volume = "117",
pages = "214--227",
journal = "Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics",
issn = "2212-2672",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices

T2 - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

AU - Vaughn,Amber E.

AU - Dearth-Wesley,Tracy

AU - Tabak,Rachel G.

AU - Bryant,Maria

AU - Ward,Dianne S.

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - Background Parents’ food parenting practices influence children's dietary intake and risk for obesity and chronic disease. Understanding the influence and interactions between parents’ practices and children's behavior is limited by a lack of development and psychometric testing and/or limited scope of current measures. The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) was created to address this gap. Objective This article describes development and psychometric testing of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey. Participants/design Between August 2010 and May 2011, a convenience sample of 129 parents of children aged 3 to 12 years were recruited from central North Carolina and completed the self-administered HomeSTEAD survey on three occasions during a 12- to 18-day window. Demographic characteristics and child diet were assessed at Time 1. Child height and weight were measured during the in-home observations (following Time 1 survey). Statistical analysis Exploratory factor analysis with Time 1 data was used to identify potential scales. Scales with more than three items were examined for scale reduction. Following this, mean scores were calculated at each time point. Construct validity was assessed by examining Spearman rank correlations between mean scores (Time 1) and children's diet (fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, sweets) and body mass index (BMI) z scores. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine differences in mean scores between time points, and single-measure intraclass correlations were calculated to examine test–retest reliability between time points. Results Exploratory factor analysis identified 24 factors and retained 124 items; however, scale reduction narrowed items to 86. The final instrument captures five coercive control practices (16 items), seven autonomy support practices (24 items), and 12 structure practices (46 items). All scales demonstrated good internal reliability (α>.62), 18 factors demonstrated construct validity (significant association with child diet, P<0.05), and 22 demonstrated good reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient>0.61). Conclusions The HomeSTEAD family food practices survey provides a brief, yet comprehensive and psychometrically sound assessment of food parenting practices.

AB - Background Parents’ food parenting practices influence children's dietary intake and risk for obesity and chronic disease. Understanding the influence and interactions between parents’ practices and children's behavior is limited by a lack of development and psychometric testing and/or limited scope of current measures. The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) was created to address this gap. Objective This article describes development and psychometric testing of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey. Participants/design Between August 2010 and May 2011, a convenience sample of 129 parents of children aged 3 to 12 years were recruited from central North Carolina and completed the self-administered HomeSTEAD survey on three occasions during a 12- to 18-day window. Demographic characteristics and child diet were assessed at Time 1. Child height and weight were measured during the in-home observations (following Time 1 survey). Statistical analysis Exploratory factor analysis with Time 1 data was used to identify potential scales. Scales with more than three items were examined for scale reduction. Following this, mean scores were calculated at each time point. Construct validity was assessed by examining Spearman rank correlations between mean scores (Time 1) and children's diet (fruits and vegetables, sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks, sweets) and body mass index (BMI) z scores. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine differences in mean scores between time points, and single-measure intraclass correlations were calculated to examine test–retest reliability between time points. Results Exploratory factor analysis identified 24 factors and retained 124 items; however, scale reduction narrowed items to 86. The final instrument captures five coercive control practices (16 items), seven autonomy support practices (24 items), and 12 structure practices (46 items). All scales demonstrated good internal reliability (α>.62), 18 factors demonstrated construct validity (significant association with child diet, P<0.05), and 22 demonstrated good reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient>0.61). Conclusions The HomeSTEAD family food practices survey provides a brief, yet comprehensive and psychometrically sound assessment of food parenting practices.

KW - Children

KW - Feeding practices

KW - Measurement

KW - Parents

KW - Psychometric properties

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010664448&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010664448&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jand.2016.07.021

DO - 10.1016/j.jand.2016.07.021

M3 - Article

VL - 117

SP - 214

EP - 227

JO - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

SN - 2212-2672

IS - 2

ER -