Climate and marriage in the Netherlands, 1871–1937

Julia A. Jennings, Clark L. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Environmental factors such as climate variability can place significant constraints on demographic behavior in a range of settings. However, few studies investigate the relationships between demography and climate in historical contexts. Using longitudinal individual-level demographic data from the Historical Sample of the Netherlands (HSN) and climate and economic data from 1871 to 1937, we examine the effects of climate variability on marriage. This analysis reveals that marriage increases with negative environmental conditions such as cold temperatures, riverine flooding, and high rye prices. These findings are not consistent with a Malthusian narrative of marriage behavior or with the expectation that environmental constraints were stronger in the historical past.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages242-260
Number of pages19
JournalPopulation and Environment
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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marriage
Netherlands
climate
environmental factors
environmental constraint
demography
environmental factor
flooding
environmental conditions
narrative
economics
temperature

Keywords

  • Climate variation
  • Event history analysis
  • Marriage timing
  • The Netherlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Climate and marriage in the Netherlands, 1871–1937. / Jennings, Julia A.; Gray, Clark L.

In: Population and Environment, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 242-260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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