Cigarettes point of purchase patterns in 19 low-income and middle-income countries: Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2008-2012

Lazarous Mbulo, Judy Kruger, Jason Hsia, Shaoman Yin, Simone Salandy, Elizabeth N. Orlan, Israel Agaku, Kurt M Ribisl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background There is little information on cigarette-purchasing behaviour among smokers globally. Understanding cigarette purchase and point-of-sale patterns can help guide the development and implementation of tobacco-control strategies in retail environments. Objective The purpose of this study was to identify where adults in 19 countries last purchased cigarettes. Methods Data were from 19 low-income and middle-income countries that conducted the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) during 2008-2012. GATS is a nationally representative household survey of adults aged 15 years or older using a standardised protocol to measure tobacco-related behaviours. Data were weighted to yield nationally representative estimates within each country and summarised by using descriptive statistics. Results Overall prevalence of current cigarette smoking ranged from 3.7% in Nigeria to 38.5% in the Russian Federation. Among current cigarette smokers, locations of last purchase were as follows: stores, from 14.6% in Argentina to 98.7% in Bangladesh (median=66.8%); street vendors, from 0% in Thailand to 35.7% in Vietnam (median=3.0%); kiosks, from 0.1% in Thailand to 77.3% in Argentina (median=16.1%); other locations, from 0.3% in China and Egypt to 57.5% in Brazil (median=2.6%). Conclusion Cigarettes are purchased at various retail locations globally. However, stores and kiosks were the main cigarette purchase locations in 18 of the 19 countries assessed. Knowledge of where cigarette purchases occur could help guide interventions to reduce cigarette accessibility and use.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages117-120
Number of pages4
JournalTobacco control
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Tobacco Products
nicotine
Tobacco
purchase
low income
income
Argentina
Thailand
household survey
descriptive statistics
sale
Vietnam
Bangladesh
Egypt
Nigeria
smoking
Russia
Brazil
China
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • low/middle income country
  • public policy
  • tobacco industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Cigarettes point of purchase patterns in 19 low-income and middle-income countries : Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2008-2012. / Mbulo, Lazarous; Kruger, Judy; Hsia, Jason; Yin, Shaoman; Salandy, Simone; Orlan, Elizabeth N.; Agaku, Israel; Ribisl, Kurt M.

In: Tobacco control, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 117-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mbulo, Lazarous ; Kruger, Judy ; Hsia, Jason ; Yin, Shaoman ; Salandy, Simone ; Orlan, Elizabeth N. ; Agaku, Israel ; Ribisl, Kurt M. / Cigarettes point of purchase patterns in 19 low-income and middle-income countries : Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2008-2012. In: Tobacco control. 2019 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 117-120.
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