Activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older adults with cancer

Mackenzi Pergolotti, Allison M. Deal, Grant R. Williams, Ashley L. Bryant, Jeannette T. Bensen, Hyman B. Muss, Bryce B. Reeve

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

Objective This study aims to (1) describe the activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of a large sample of older adults (age ≥ 65) with cancer, (2) identify the associations with demographics, cancer type, comorbid conditions, and ability to participate in activities and functional status. Materials and Methods The Health Registry/Cancer Survivorship Cohort is an institutional database designed to aid cancer survivorship research. The registry includes three measures of patient-reported HRQOL: FACT-G and PROMIS® Global measures for physical and mental health. Other measures included in the registry are cancer type, date from diagnosis, number of comorbid conditions and specific conditions and their limitations in daily activity, and self-reported daily activity/function. Results Our sample consists of 768 older adults with cancer, mean age 72 years, 60% female, and 90% White. Mean scores for HRQOL: FACT-G (85, range: 25–108), PROMIS-physical (48, range: 16–67) and, PROMIS-mental (51, range: 21–67). In multivariable models, Black race, one or more comorbid conditions, and Gastrointestinal cancer (p < .05), and patient- reported decreased levels of activities/function were all independently associated with poor HRQOL (p < .0001). Conclusions Older Black adults with cancer, those that have high comorbidity burden, with gastrointestinal cancers and those that report decreased ability to participate in daily activities/function reported poorer HRQOL. As geriatric oncology moves towards trying to identify who may need supportive services, this study demonstrated that a one question patient-reported level of activities and functional ability were independently associated with physical, mental, and cancer-specific HRQOL.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages249-254
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geriatric Oncology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

Fingerprint

Quality of Life
Neoplasms
Aptitude
Registries
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Survival Rate
Geriatrics
Comorbidity
Mental Health
Demography
Databases
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Activities
  • Functional status
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Neoplasm
  • Older adults
  • Supportive services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older adults with cancer. / Pergolotti, Mackenzi; Deal, Allison M.; Williams, Grant R.; Bryant, Ashley L.; Bensen, Jeannette T.; Muss, Hyman B.; Reeve, Bryce B.

In: Journal of Geriatric Oncology, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.07.2017, p. 249-254.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Pergolotti M, Deal AM, Williams GR, Bryant AL, Bensen JT, Muss HB et al. Activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older adults with cancer. Journal of Geriatric Oncology. 2017 Jul 1;8(4):249-254. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.jgo.2017.02.009
Pergolotti, Mackenzi ; Deal, Allison M. ; Williams, Grant R. ; Bryant, Ashley L. ; Bensen, Jeannette T. ; Muss, Hyman B. ; Reeve, Bryce B./ Activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older adults with cancer. In: Journal of Geriatric Oncology. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 249-254
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abstract = "Objective This study aims to (1) describe the activities, function, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of a large sample of older adults (age ≥ 65) with cancer, (2) identify the associations with demographics, cancer type, comorbid conditions, and ability to participate in activities and functional status. Materials and Methods The Health Registry/Cancer Survivorship Cohort is an institutional database designed to aid cancer survivorship research. The registry includes three measures of patient-reported HRQOL: FACT-G and PROMIS® Global measures for physical and mental health. Other measures included in the registry are cancer type, date from diagnosis, number of comorbid conditions and specific conditions and their limitations in daily activity, and self-reported daily activity/function. Results Our sample consists of 768 older adults with cancer, mean age 72 years, 60% female, and 90% White. Mean scores for HRQOL: FACT-G (85, range: 25–108), PROMIS-physical (48, range: 16–67) and, PROMIS-mental (51, range: 21–67). In multivariable models, Black race, one or more comorbid conditions, and Gastrointestinal cancer (p < .05), and patient- reported decreased levels of activities/function were all independently associated with poor HRQOL (p < .0001). Conclusions Older Black adults with cancer, those that have high comorbidity burden, with gastrointestinal cancers and those that report decreased ability to participate in daily activities/function reported poorer HRQOL. As geriatric oncology moves towards trying to identify who may need supportive services, this study demonstrated that a one question patient-reported level of activities and functional ability were independently associated with physical, mental, and cancer-specific HRQOL.",
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