A Rural–Urban Comparison in Emergency Department Visits for U.S. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Wanqing Zhang, Ashley E. Mason, Brian Boyd, Linmarie Sikich, Grace Baranek

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

We examined rural–urban differences in emergency department visits, and child and clinical characteristics associated with visits for U.S. children aged 3–17 years with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Rural children with ASD were twice more likely to have emergency department visits in urban hospitals than rural children without ASD. The children with ASD in rural areas were economically disadvantaged and concentrated in the South and Midwest regions. Rural children diagnosed with ASD and multiple comorbidities during emergency department visits were 1.6 times as that of urban children. Rural children with ASD, particularly those with multiple comorbidities, require more emergency department services when compared with urban children with ASD.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages590-598
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Hospital Emergency Service
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Comorbidity
Urban Hospitals
Vulnerable Populations

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  • Emergency department visits
  • Rural–urban differences
  • Utilization of health services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

A Rural–Urban Comparison in Emergency Department Visits for U.S. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. / Zhang, Wanqing; Mason, Ashley E.; Boyd, Brian; Sikich, Linmarie; Baranek, Grace.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 590-598.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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